Greek Food Dictionary

TrofiFood
AlatiSalt
AlevriFlour
AmigdalotaA macaroon type cookie, often made on the islands and served at weddings and baptisms
ArniLamb. Usually roasted with potatoes or on the spit.
ΑstakosLobster. Often cooked and served with pasta.
AvgoEggs
AvgolemonoA warm sauce made with eggs, lemon and broth. Served with meat, in soups, with vegetables.
ArakasPeas, usually cooked in tomato sauce
BakaliarosCod, most often consuming the salted preserved cod, which was desalted and cooked with tomato sauce or fried.
BakalavasPastries made with phyllo, honey and walnuts
BamiesOkra. Cooked with tomato sauce in a stew or roasted in the oven with tomatoes and olive oil.
BiftekiBeef patty. Usually a mixture of ground beef along with herbs, breadcrumbs and egg.
BiscotoCookie
BriamA mixture of vegetables including potato, zucchini, eggplant and onion stewed or roasted in olive oil
DiplesPastry made with dough, fried in olive oil and dipped in honey
DolmadesRice or meat wrapped in vine leaves, often served with avgolemono
DomataTomato
DomatokeftedesTomato patties. Patties made with tomatoes,   flour and herbs fried
EliaOlive
ElaioladoOlive Oil
EksohikoMeat cooked with peppers, tomatoes, onions and cheese in wax paper.
FavaA puree made with fava beans which are yellow spit peas.
FakesLentils, traditionally cooked in a thick soup with olive oil and served with vinegar.
FasolakiaGreen beans. They are usually cooked with tomato sauce and olive oil.
FasoliaA general term for legumes.
FetaSemi-soft cheese made from sheep and goat milk
FrappeA popular iced coffee made from instant coffee
FroutaFruit
GalaMilk
GalaktobourikoA sweet made with phyllo and a custard filling
GaridesShrimp
GavrosAnchovies. They are either marinated in vinegar and salt or fried.
GravieraA hard yellow and salty cheese made from sheep’s milk
Horiatiki (salata)Translated as a village salad, in the U.S it is known as Greek salad. Made with tomatoes, cucumbers, green pepper, onion, feta and olive oil.
HirinoPork
HilopitesA egg pasta usually cut in small squares.
HortaGreens. Boiled and consumed with olive oil and lemon.
HortopitaSavory pie made with thick phyllo dough and greens.
HtapodiOctopus. Served grilled or marinated.
KafesCoffee
KalamarakiaCalamari or squid. Often served fried as an appetizer.
KaridopitaWalnut cake. A cake made with walnuts and syrup
KefaloturiHard yellow cheese made from sheep’s or goat’s milk
KeftedesSmall fried meatballs usually made from ground beef and ground pork.
KokoretsiOrgan meats and sweetbread pieces are passed through a skewer and wrapped with the intestines (usually of lamb) then grilled in a spit or grill until crunchy. Traditionally prepared for Easter.
KolokithakiaZucchini
KolokithopitaZucchini savory pie
KolokithokeftedesZucchini Patties
KokinistoFood made with tomato, from the word kokkino which means red.
KotopouloChicken
KoulourakiaCookies, usually the shape of a ring or braided.
KounoupidiCauliflower. Usually consumed cooked in tomato
KourabiedesChristmas butter cookies covered with powdered sugar.
KrasiWine
LadiMay refer to any oil, but usually means olive oil
LahanikaVegetable
LahanoCabbage
LahanodolmadesDolmades made with cabbage
LatheroStewed dishes (sometimes roasted), usually vegetable based made with olive oil and tomato
MageiritsaA soup made from lamb offal and avgolemono (egg-lemon sauce), served traditionally on the eve of Easter.
MakaroniaSpaghetti
MelitzanesEggplant
MelitzanosalataEggplant dip
MelomakaronaHoney cookies. Cookies traditionally made for Christmas with honey, olive oil and walnuts.
MezesSmall servings or tidbits of food to be served with a drink.
MoustokoulouraCookies made from the must of wine.
MousakasCasserole made with potato, eggplant and ground beef.
MoshariVeal
NeroWater
NistisimoFoods that adhere to the Greek Orthodox Fast (nistia)
OmeletaOmelet
OrektikoAppetizer
OuzoAlcoholic drink of anise distillation
PagotoIce Cream
PapoutsakiaA dish of baked eggplants stuffed with ground beef, cheese and tomato.
PaximadiA rusk, usually referring to Cretan barley rusk.
PasteliA sweet made from sesame seeds and honey.
PastitsioA casserole made with pasta, ground beef, béchamel and tomato.
PitaRefers to the savory pies made with phyllo dough but also to pita bread
PiperiaPeppers
Psariafish
RavaniA cake made with semolina and syrup.
RevithiaChickpeas
RiganiOregano
RiziRice
SaganakiFried cheese
SalataSalad
SaltsaSauce
SardelaSardines. Usually served grilled or cured
SikoFig
SkordaliaA garlic dip made with garlic, bread or potato and olive oil
SoupaSoup
SoutzoukakiaMeat balls that are covered in spicy tomato sauce
SouvlakiSkewers with pork meat (sometimes with chicken)
SpanakopitaSpinach pie made with phyllo and spinach and with or without feta cheese.
SpanakorizoDish made with spinach an rice cooked with a bit of tomato.
StifadoRefers to a stew made with baby onions, tomatoes and spices, usually with veal but also made with rabbit or chicken.
TaramosalataDip made from a mixture of fish roe, bread and olive oil.
TiiganitoFried
TiriCheese
TiropitaCheese savory pie usually made with feta cheese.
TrahanasPellet shaped pasta made with milk
TsourekiA sweet bread made with eggs and various spices. Similar to a brioche. Traditionally made for Easter.
TzatzikiDip made from yogurt, garlic, olive oil and dill.
VasilopitaCake made for New Years Day to celebrate Saint Basil. A coin is hidden in the cake, the person who gets the coin is believed to have good luck for the year.
VissinoSour cherry
VissinadaSour cherry drink, served often in the summer.
VodinoBeef (cow)
VrastoBoiled
YemistaStuffed tomatoes, peppers and/or zucchini with just rice or herbs or with ground meat.
YiaourtiYogurt
YiovarelakiaBeef and rice balls cooked in avgolemono sauce
YiouvetsiCasserole, usually a type of meat cooked with pasta
YlykoSweet/dessert
Ylyko KoutaliouSpoon sweets. Preserves of whole fruits that are served to guests on small spoon and plate.
ZahariSugar
ZimiDough
ZomosBroth