Greek Food Dictionary

Trofi Food
Alati Salt
Alevri Flour
Amigdalota A macaroon type cookie, often made on the islands and served at weddings and baptisms
Arni Lamb. Usually roasted with potatoes or on the spit.
Αstakos Lobster. Often cooked and served with pasta.
Avgo Eggs
Avgolemono A warm sauce made with eggs, lemon and broth. Served with meat, in soups, with vegetables.
Arakas Peas, usually cooked in tomato sauce
Bakaliaros Cod, most often consuming the salted preserved cod, which was desalted and cooked with tomato sauce or fried.
Bakalavas Pastries made with phyllo, honey and walnuts
Bamies Okra. Cooked with tomato sauce in a stew or roasted in the oven with tomatoes and olive oil.
Bifteki Beef patty. Usually a mixture of ground beef along with herbs, breadcrumbs and egg.
Biscoto Cookie
Briam A mixture of vegetables including potato, zucchini, eggplant and onion stewed or roasted in olive oil
Diples Pastry made with dough, fried in olive oil and dipped in honey
Dolmades Rice or meat wrapped in vine leaves, often served with avgolemono
Domata Tomato
Domatokeftedes Tomato patties. Patties made with tomatoes,   flour and herbs fried
Elia Olive
Elaiolado Olive Oil
Eksohiko Meat cooked with peppers, tomatoes, onions and cheese in wax paper.
Fava A puree made with fava beans which are yellow spit peas.
Fakes Lentils, traditionally cooked in a thick soup with olive oil and served with vinegar.
Fasolakia Green beans. They are usually cooked with tomato sauce and olive oil.
Fasolia A general term for legumes.
Feta Semi-soft cheese made from sheep and goat milk
Frappe A popular iced coffee made from instant coffee
Frouta Fruit
Gala Milk
Galaktobouriko A sweet made with phyllo and a custard filling
Garides Shrimp
Gavros Anchovies. They are either marinated in vinegar and salt or fried.
Graviera A hard yellow and salty cheese made from sheep’s milk
Horiatiki (salata) Translated as a village salad, in the U.S it is known as Greek salad. Made with tomatoes, cucumbers, green pepper, onion, feta and olive oil.
Hirino Pork
Hilopites A egg pasta usually cut in small squares.
Horta Greens. Boiled and consumed with olive oil and lemon.
Hortopita Savory pie made with thick phyllo dough and greens.
Htapodi Octopus. Served grilled or marinated.
Kafes Coffee
Kalamarakia Calamari or squid. Often served fried as an appetizer.
Karidopita Walnut cake. A cake made with walnuts and syrup
Kefaloturi Hard yellow cheese made from sheep’s or goat’s milk
Keftedes Small fried meatballs usually made from ground beef and ground pork.
Kokoretsi Organ meats and sweetbread pieces are passed through a skewer and wrapped with the intestines (usually of lamb) then grilled in a spit or grill until crunchy. Traditionally prepared for Easter.
Kolokithakia Zucchini
Kolokithopita Zucchini savory pie
Kolokithokeftedes Zucchini Patties
Kokinisto Food made with tomato, from the word kokkino which means red.
Kotopoulo Chicken
Koulourakia Cookies, usually the shape of a ring or braided.
Kounoupidi Cauliflower. Usually consumed cooked in tomato
Kourabiedes Christmas butter cookies covered with powdered sugar.
Krasi Wine
Ladi May refer to any oil, but usually means olive oil
Lahanika Vegetable
Lahano Cabbage
Lahanodolmades Dolmades made with cabbage
Lathero Stewed dishes (sometimes roasted), usually vegetable based made with olive oil and tomato
Mageiritsa A soup made from lamb offal and avgolemono (egg-lemon sauce), served traditionally on the eve of Easter.
Makaronia Spaghetti
Melitzanes Eggplant
Melitzanosalata Eggplant dip
Melomakarona Honey cookies. Cookies traditionally made for Christmas with honey, olive oil and walnuts.
Mezes Small servings or tidbits of food to be served with a drink.
Moustokouloura Cookies made from the must of wine.
Mousakas Casserole made with potato, eggplant and ground beef.
Moshari Veal
Nero Water
Nistisimo Foods that adhere to the Greek Orthodox Fast (nistia)
Omeleta Omelet
Orektiko Appetizer
Ouzo Alcoholic drink of anise distillation
Pagoto Ice Cream
Papoutsakia A dish of baked eggplants stuffed with ground beef, cheese and tomato.
Paximadi A rusk, usually referring to Cretan barley rusk.
Pasteli A sweet made from sesame seeds and honey.
Pastitsio A casserole made with pasta, ground beef, béchamel and tomato.
Pita Refers to the savory pies made with phyllo dough but also to pita bread
Piperia Peppers
Psaria fish
Ravani A cake made with semolina and syrup.
Revithia Chickpeas
Rigani Oregano
Rizi Rice
Saganaki Fried cheese
Salata Salad
Saltsa Sauce
Sardela Sardines. Usually served grilled or cured
Siko Fig
Skordalia A garlic dip made with garlic, bread or potato and olive oil
Soupa Soup
Soutzoukakia Meat balls that are covered in spicy tomato sauce
Souvlaki Skewers with pork meat (sometimes with chicken)
Spanakopita Spinach pie made with phyllo and spinach and with or without feta cheese.
Spanakorizo Dish made with spinach an rice cooked with a bit of tomato.
Stifado Refers to a stew made with baby onions, tomatoes and spices, usually with veal but also made with rabbit or chicken.
Taramosalata Dip made from a mixture of fish roe, bread and olive oil.
Tiiganito Fried
Tiri Cheese
Tiropita Cheese savory pie usually made with feta cheese.
Trahanas Pellet shaped pasta made with milk
Tsoureki A sweet bread made with eggs and various spices. Similar to a brioche. Traditionally made for Easter.
Tzatziki Dip made from yogurt, garlic, olive oil and dill.
Vasilopita Cake made for New Years Day to celebrate Saint Basil. A coin is hidden in the cake, the person who gets the coin is believed to have good luck for the year.
Vissino Sour cherry
Vissinada Sour cherry drink, served often in the summer.
Vodino Beef (cow)
Vrasto Boiled
Yemista Stuffed tomatoes, peppers and/or zucchini with just rice or herbs or with ground meat.
Yiaourti Yogurt
Yiovarelakia Beef and rice balls cooked in avgolemono sauce
Yiouvetsi Casserole, usually a type of meat cooked with pasta
Ylyko Sweet/dessert
Ylyko Koutaliou Spoon sweets. Preserves of whole fruits that are served to guests on small spoon and plate.
Zahari Sugar
Zimi Dough
Zomos Broth