One of the main reasons I decided to become a dietitian and focus on the Mediterranean diet is my mom. If she did not insist on cooking Greek food while we were growing up in the U.S., maybe things would be different. But she did, and because of that I ended up loving vegetables, eating very little meat and blogging about the Greek diet.
So it seemed fitting to start with advice from my mom who yes, cooks the best Greek food (she really does) but who is also a hardcore fan of Greek food; according to her every other cuisine pales in comparison. So I really wanted to know how she was able to preserve the traditional Greek diet and to teach her children to love this food even though we lived thousands of miles away from Greece.
“The food in America was bland and heavy”
When my parents arrived in the U.S. in the late 60’s, the first thing they noticed was that the food was bland and tasteless according to my mom. As a young woman with little cooking experience she realized that she had to learn how to cook if she wanted to eat the tasty and healthy Greek food she grew up with…
My mom also noticed that people were eating too much meat. For Greeks, it was unimaginable to have meat as the main course, meat was an accompaniment. Food just seemed “heavy” and too much. The portion sizes appeared huge to my Greek parents and the bland vegetables full of butter were boring. They also were surprised at the size of the American breakfast: eggs, bacon, pancakes…it was all just too much.
At that time, it was not known (except in the scientific community) that the Greek diet circa 1960 was one of the healthiest in the world, my parents and most other Greeks were told that the diet of “rich” America was healthy and that the diet of poor nations such as Greece was nutritionally inferior. But my mom just wasn’t convinced, she could not accept the fact that large servings of meat along with (mostly) canned vegetables swimming in butter (remember this was the 60’s) was healthier than her favorite seasonal vegetables cooked in olive oil and tomato accompanied with feta cheese. And she was right, it wasn’t healthier.
So she bought a Greek cookbook written by Hrisa Paradisi (I use the same book) and learned to cook her favorite dishes. Her need to eat food that she liked from her home, coupled with her strong love of Greece resulted in cooking mostly Greek food for us. And I am so happy she did. So here is her advice:
My Greek Mom’s 5 Food and Diet Rules
1. Learn to cook. Yes this is very important, otherwise you’re at the mercy of ready-to-eat processed foods and restaurants. But it is also important because the Greek diet is based on fresh non-processed foods. So get a cookbook or start with some the simple recipes here.
2. Reduce animal products. My mother would cook meat for us only 2-3 times a week, the rest of the time we would have a vegetable casserole or beans. When we did eat meat, it was fresh not processed, so no hot dogs or ham or bologna. She would also have us follow the Greek-Orthodox fast during holidays, which was a balanced eating pattern, but most animal products were prohibited.
3. Meals should be accompanied only with water or wine (for adults). My mom recalls how shocked she was when she realized that people in the U.S. were drinking sweet soft drinks and milk with their meals. For her, from a culinary point of view this was unacceptable but from a nutritional one as well; why drink your calories?
4. Use olive oil as your main source of fat. This is a rule that is unbreakable for my mom. Olive oil was used for everything, not just raw, not just on salads…everywhere. The majority of olive oil used in the Greek diet is actually cooked. My mom would sprinkle some olive oil along with oregano on toast instead of butter, she fries eggs only in olive oil and has dozens of dessert recipes that use olive oil. So for the most part, yes olive oil can be your main source of fat. Expensive? Not really. To put it into perspective: paying 3 dollars for a small bottle of water, now that’s expensive.
5. Add lemon and oregano. This one is classic “mama” as we say. With my sister and brother we joke about how my mom adds these two ingredients to almost everything: salads, meat, potatoes, fish, greens, vegetables. I remember once we were at TGI Fridays and we ordered some sort of American style appetizer and my mom asked the waiter for some oregano because she thought it was bland. But jokes aside, adding these ingredients is not only easy, it increases the nutritional value of any food: lemon being an excellent source of vitamin C which is not only an antioxidant, it also increases absorption of iron thus a great addition to meat. As for the oregano, well it is an antioxidant powerhouse; go here for a latest study that promotes it to a super-herb.