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Mediterranean Diet May Offer More Protection Than Weight Loss

October 16, 2020

We know that the Mediterranean diet offers protection from chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer and diabetes. But what if you are overweight?

Mediterranean diet study

Well, even if you are overweight following a Mediterranean diet will protect you according to new research, and even more so! Swedish researchers from Uppsala University followed 79,000 people over a period of 20 years and looked at the relationship between weight, the Mediterranean diet and risk of death. 

What they found may surprise you: Individuals who were in the overweight category who had a high adherence to a Mediterranean diet had the lowest risk of death.

Normal weight individuals who did not follow a Mediterranean diet had a higher risk of death than individuals in any other weight category who did follow a Mediterranean diet.

What this study tells us is that it truly is important that we eat well and not only focus on weight loss and calories. It is one of the reasons I do not include calories for many of my recipes here, because I want to focus on the quality of the food we eat, rather than just on how many calories a dish has. Having said that, weight is an important factor for our health, particularly how much weight we gain as we grow older, but it is not the only thing.

Realistic Weight Goals + 3 Easy Healthy Eating Tips

It is understandable that we may want to maintain or lose weight for health reasons, but also for own well-being and self-esteem. We may feel lighter at a certain weight, or our clothes fit better and that is fine. It’s OK to want to change your weight, as long as the you go about it eating food that is good for you. That way you can lose weight without harming your health.

Luckily the Mediterranean diet  has a lot of research supporting it as an excellent weight loss diet which also happens to protect you from various diseases as well and this can’t be said for most diets out there that can be harmful to your health and land you in a vicious cycle of dieting.

If you want to lose weight, focus first on eating a better quality diet and then on weight loss. Once you start eating better (more produce, less processed foods) you will have better control of your blood sugar and as a result better control of your appetite. I suggest the following small changes:

  • Reduce you consumption of processed foods, avoid snack foods such as crackers, chips, cookies, cereal bars.
  • Focus on eating a vegetable based meal once a day
  • Reduce consumption of caloric beverages. Make water your main beverage.

References

Combined associations of body mass index and adherence to a Mediterranean-like diet with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: A cohort study. PLOS Medicine, 2020.

Weight gain as a risk factor for clinical diabetes mellitus in women. Ann Intern Med, 1995. 122(7): p. 481-6.

Body size and fat distribution as predictors of coronary heart disease among middle-aged and older US men.  Am J Epidemiol, 1995. 141(12): p. 1117-27.

Photos by Elena Paravantes © All Rights Reserved

11 Comments

  • Reply Maria in Montréal October 16, 2020 at 5:27 pm

    This is less formal than Mark Bittman’s book, something like Vegan until 6pm (and in many Mediterranean countries the main meal would be at midday, early in the afternoon), but the same idea of greatly reducing but not entirely eliminating animal foods.

    Is this true even for the severely overweight? I’d think the resulting lack of mobility (walking, cycling, gardening etc) would be very detrimental to life expectancy.

    • Reply Elena Paravantes RDN October 16, 2020 at 6:03 pm

      According to the researchers: “Obese individuals with high adherence to a Mediterranean-type diet did not experience the increased overall mortality otherwise associated with high BMI, although higher CVD mortality remained.”

  • Reply Jenny October 16, 2020 at 10:35 pm

    I converted to Mediterranean eating style using the above 3 points you have listed and using your recipes. Thank you! My family and I are eating more unprocessed food, simpler meals and my food bill has decreased. I have rediscovered my kitchen and now take pleasure in cooking, baking and preserving food from fresh ingredients rather than supermarket package food. Less red meat more fish and more veg based dinners. We now have a vegetable garden established to support our food lifestyle change and loving it. I am from Australia and Greece is now on my bucket list of places I want to spend time when COVID is no longer a threat A big tank you again for your site and the effort you put into it ur passion is evident.

    • Reply Elena Paravantes RDN October 17, 2020 at 3:14 pm

      Hi Jenny, Thank you so much! Thank you for sharing your experience. I’m jealous of that garden!

  • Reply Biljana October 17, 2020 at 2:49 pm

    Thanks for this good advice. I like your site and your recipes. Can you please send me any daily meal plan for a week just as a starter so that I will know how to combine the meals. I am 54 and high BMI (32).Thank you in advance.

  • Reply susan October 20, 2020 at 1:24 pm

    Hi and thanks for your ongoing great advice!! I lived in Greece briefly in college anbd the thing I mioss most is the hard bread (Crete) rusks. They were barley I think, hard as cement but oh so good topped with chopped tomato and olive oil for breakfast. I am avoiding most wheat but these did not bother me gutwise at all.. WHERE can I get some? Or recipe?? I live on Atlanta and the only greek style bakery I went to to seek these they never heard of it!! Is this called Paxmadi?? Much thanks!

  • Reply Kelly Powers November 12, 2020 at 5:49 am

    Thanks for shedding light on how easy, approachable, and delicious the Mediterranean diet truly is! It’s what I recommend to all my clients as well as it’s a non-restrictive and holistic way to eat and live.

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